Permafrost is term used for the frozen part of the earth’s crust that remains below zero degree Celsius through-out the two consecutive years.
As the ice masses in the Himalaya, Karakoram and Hindu Kush (HKKH) mountains are very important for the mountainous population of the entire region. Permafrost is considered to be descend down to a limited area of the mountainous region in preliminary studies but it has great importance to sustain eco-system. Mountainous regions are more near to human population as compare to that of the polar ice masses that’s why mountain ice masses are considered to respond more rapidly to the expected changes in the climatic conditions and also because of their size. Climate change has been declared by the scientific community, but the ice masses in Central Karakoram are reported as quite stable as compare to that of Central Himalaya (Nepal). Since the end of Little Ice Age, mountain glaciers have lost a considerable amount of mass, which is considered to have contributed significantly to the global sea-level rise (Warrick et al., 1996).
Impact of thaw have been observed in many regions, including European Alps, North- South America, Central Asia and Arctic. But for the Himalaya, Karakoram and Hindu Kush there is little knowledge about the existence of permafrost. That’s why Karakoram International University is going to conduct research work on the presence of permafrost in Khunjerab National Park, Pakistan, collaboration with International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) and Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. This research will be one of the pioneer studies about Permafrost of the Central Karakoram Pakistan. And in future the collected data will help a lot about the impact of human activities (China Pakistan Economic Corridor and changing climate) in frozen land and ice masses of Khunjerab National Park.